(PhysOrg.com) — In 1976, the Viking spacecraft, flying above Mars, captured an image of what appeard to be a large face on the surface of the planet. The face appeared, to many, as proof that a Martian civilization existed; beings not unlike humans must have populated Mars at one time. The famous “face on Mars” is located in the Cydonia region of Mars. The latest image was taken with the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera. The camera is located on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The Orbiter is a satellite in orbit around Mars, designed to get a good look at the Martian surface. The resolution offered by these images is much higher than that taken by previous spacecraft. Images have been taken over the years, including in 1998 and 2001. The latest images were taken in 2007. As technology has improved, though, images show the face becoming blurrier and blurrier. And now, it appears the face on Mars has disappeared altogether. Technology has advanced a considerable amount since the original photo was taken, though. And now NASA has released a new image of the area — one that shows quite clearly that what looks like a face in the 1976 image is really just a rocky mesa. FOXNews.com offers this explanation for the differences in the two images:Taken from much nearer to the planet and with a substantially higher resolution camera, the features so distinctive in the original image completely vanish in the new one. The original Viking Orbiter image had much lower spatial resolution and a different lighting geometry, factors that led to the optical illusion. 1976 Viking image. Image source: NASA NASA celebrates 30 years of Mars research © 2010 PhysOrg.com More information: “Face on Mars or Rocky Hill? New Photo Reveals Truth,” FOXNews.com (July 30, 2010). Available online: www.foxnews.com/scitech/2010/0 … cs-famous-face-mars/.”Extreme Close-Up of the Face on Mars,” Nancy Atkinson, Universe Today (July 28, 2010). Available online: www.universetoday.com/69766/ex … of-the-face-on-mars/ Citation: Martian Face Turns Out to be a Rocky Mesa (2010, August 2) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-08-martian-rocky-mesa.html 2007 HiRISE image. Image source: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
, Nanotechnology Fig. 2. Capillarity-induced skin folding. (A) Optical microscope image of an array of wrinkles and folds around the boundary of a water droplet placed on a wrinkled surface (t = 20 min, ε ≈ −0.03). The blue arrow indicates a water filament. (B) Schematic illustrations of the wrinkle-to-fold transition of the skin due to surface tension forces of water. Representative AFM images and the line profiles are shown below the illustrations. (C) Schematic illustrations and optical microscope images showing the evolution of localized folds with increasing ε (t = 10 min). A water droplet was placed on the surface before compression; the blue arrow and red triangles indicate the formation of a water filament and localized folds, respectively. (D and E) The peak-to-peak distance of wrinkles (LW) and folds (LF) and the length (l) and spacing (s) of the folds as a function of t. (E, Inset) Schematic illustration showing the top view of an array of folds at the boundary. (F) LW and LF as a function of |ε| (t = 3 min). (F, Inset) Line profiles of the folds for |ε| ≈ 0.02, 0.08, and 0.17. (Scale bars: A, 10 μm; B, 5 μm; and C, 50 μm.). Credit: Nagashimaa S, Haa HD, Kima DH, Košmrljb A, Stone HA, Moon M-W (2017) Spontaneous formation of aligned DNA nanowires by capillarity-induced skin folding. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 114:24 6233-6237. Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences “This phenomenon can be considered a lithography-free method that allows for ready fabrication of arrays of nanomaterials, where their size, length, and periodicity could robustly be tuned,” he continues. “Moreover, not only water but other liquids could be used to carry nanomaterials and to induce the wrinkle-to-fold transition.”Moon describes several examples of potential de novo fabrication and analysis techniques, including nanoscale lithography, nanoimprint, growth by chemical vapor deposition, and chemical reaction. “Our method can potentially be used for the fabrication of 1-dimensional nanowires or nanoarrays for application to DNA analysis with very dilute or small amounts of DNA; DNA templates as new metal or ceramic nanostructures; and DNA treatment devices for healing modified DNA. In addition, one can adopt this technique to handle protein, blood, or nanoparticles at nanoscale.”Košmrlj and Stone tell Phys.org that one area of planned research is focused on nonlinear analysis and modeling for improved quantitative understanding of the capillarity-induced wrinkle-to-fold transition. “Since our system is composed of the mechanical behavior of the fold transition triggered by liquid surface tension, the wrinkle-to-fold transition that we’ve found is associated with large deformations where conventional linear elasticity theory does not apply. While the basic mechanisms can be explained within the linear theory, quantitative comparison with experiments can only be achieved by taking into account geometrical and material nonlinearities. We are therefore performing numerical simulations by coupling liquid surface tension and solid deformation, as well as performing analysis with perturbation series, where nonlinearities of elastic structures can be studied systematically.””I also think that the challenges ahead are to find how to achieve larger areas for DNA pattern formation,” Moon says. “In fact, our latest results—obtained after this PNAS article was accepted—shows some impressive progress for the region with wrinkle-to-fold transition in larger areas, such as the entire area underneath a water droplet. Another area to be studied, Moon continues, concerns the fact that biological morphogenesis of skin–substrate systems are ubiquitous in organisms where water is a major constituent. “We’re trying to find situations where our findings are applicable. Active collaborations with experts in the field would be helpful.” The researchers might also investigate materials other than PDMS. “Yes. other polymers can work if they possess the basic factors to govern the fold transition, these being the thinness of the nano-skin and soft body materials, and surface hydrophilicity to ensure sufficient surface reaction with liquid,” Moon notes. Assistant Professor and lead author So Nagashima, Assistant Professor Andrej Košmrlj, Donald R. Dixon ’69 and Elizabeth W. Dixon Professor Howard A. Stone, and Principal Research Scientist Myoung-Woon Moon discussed the paper they and their co-authors published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. “I think that the most challenging aspect of devising our method for utilizing a thin skin template that responds to water by dynamically changing its surface morphology was finding the conditions where the wrinkle-to-fold transition occurs,” Moon tells Phys.org. “The critical conditions as a function of the applied strain, initial wrinkle geometries, and thickness of the skin layer determined by oxygen plasma treatment duration were difficult to find.” Moon adds that the observation technique for the dynamic transition was limited to only optical microscopes whose highest optical resolution falls between 100 to 1000 nm in the width of nanowires, this being due to the dynamic transition taking place at the submicron scale.When inducing a template surface wrinkle-to-fold transition by exploiting the capillary forces of water containing DNA molecules, Stone points out, the observation that water changes the wrinkle-to-fold transition is new. “As far as we know, ours is the first study to show this effect, as is demonstrating one use of such folds for the alignment of DNA. Moreover, control of surface tension or resultant capillary forces and the area for fold formation is relatively hard—and by adding DNA molecules to water, it appears that the surface tension is changed, so the fold transition length was shorter.”Template preparation used an oxygen plasma treatment of prestretched polydimethylsiloxane (or PDMS, a polymeric organosilicon compound) substrates for varying durations. “In fact,” Moon explains, “the manipulation of PDMS with prestretching strain is a relatively well-developed method as is the oxygen plasma treatment: both have been discussed in the literature. We can make the samples with various sizes of a few millimeters to a few centimeters, which can be also made on much larger area.” Moon notes that the researchers can also vary polydimethylsiloxane’s mechanical properties—to make it more stretchable, soft or flexible—by changing the ratio of elastomer and cross-linker for PDMS preparation. Fig. 1. Spontaneous formation of aligned DNA nanowires. (A) Schematic illustrations of the spontaneous formation of an array of DNA nanowires by the skin folding induced by water filaments containing DNA molecules. (B) Sequential optical microscope images of a droplet of DNA solution spreading over wrinkles (t = 5 min, ε ≈ −0.03); the wrinkle-to-fold transition occurs at the boundary and propagates with the edge of the droplet. (C) AFM image of an array of DNA nanowires extending from the boundary (t = 2 min, ε ≈ −0.02). The line profiles for each region are shown next to the image. (Scale bars: B, 50 μm and C, 4 μm.). Credit: Nagashimaa S, Haa HD, Kima DH, Košmrljb A, Stone HA, Moon M-W (2017) Spontaneous formation of aligned DNA nanowires by capillarity-induced skin folding. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 114:24 6233-6237. Citation: Of wrinkles and wires: Capillarity-induced skin folding spontaneously forms aligned DNA nanowire (2017, June 19) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-06-wrinkles-wires-capillarity-induced-skin-spontaneously.html Other possible future research interests and additional innovations mentioned by the authors include:- theoretical analysis to elucidate the underlying physics related to the water-induced surface folding- exploit the underlying physics to develop a robust and mass fabrication method for inducing the wrinkle-to-fold transition- find and discuss morphological changes in nature where water is likely a key factor- apply the current study’s results to DNA analysis or DNA drug devices- 2-D/3-D sensors, diagnostic tools, and drug-release systems- templates for fabricating 1-dimensional nanomaterials- methods for local patterning”I believe that this work is beneficial to materials science for nanowire templates, mechanics for fluidic channels, and biology for quantitative analysis of DNA or other biomolecules,” Moon concludes. Explore further , Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology More information: Spontaneous formation of aligned DNA nanowires by capillarity-induced skin folding, PNAS (2017) 114:24 6233-6237, doi:10.1073/pnas.1700003114Related:1DNA nanowire fabrication, Nanotechnology (2006) 17:R14m https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/1559975.pdf2DNA-Templated Self-Assembly of Protein Arrays and Highly Conductive Nanowires, Science (2003) 301:5641 1882-1884, doi:10.1126/science.10893893Nanowire-Based Sensors for Biological and Medical Applications, IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience (2016) 15:3 186-199, doi:10.1109/TNB.2016.25282584DNA-Based Applications in Nanobiotechnology, Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology (2010) Article ID 715295, doi:10.1155/2010/7152955Nanowire nanosensors, Materials Today (2005) 8:5, doi:10.1016/S1369-7021(05)00791-1 A key aspect of the study was confirming that the new method reliably manipulates DNA nanowire size, geometry, and alignment. “By adjusting the conditions for stretching strain, plasma treatment duration, and post-compression of the stretched PDMS, DNA nanowires can be a half cylinder, a perfect cylinder, or undulated wire shape,” Moon tells Phys.org. “By changing the wrinkle geometries such as the amplitude—which is governed by the strain—one can control the distance between wires in the fold channel.” Wider distances between wires, he continues, can be accomplished by compressing the PDMS less, while compressing the substrate more yields smaller distances.To address these challenges, the scientists discovered a transformation resulting from capillary forces that act at the edge of a water droplet that can, with only 1% compression, transform wrinkles into folds, which in the absence of a liquid drop form only at very high (~30%) compression. In addition, Moon adds, smaller substances such as biomolecules or nanoparticles can follow the water channel to form aligned 1-dimensional nanostructures. “Smaller is better. Less is more. We’ve found that the wrinkle-to-fold transition takes place more easily when the following factors become smaller: compression level, skin thickness, droplet volume, size of the sample surface, and static contact angles of droplets.”Based on their findings, the authors stated that their approach could lead to new ways of fabricating functional materials. “Our key finding is that one can change wrinkles into localized folds by simply exploiting the capillary forces of water on wrinkled surfaces under very small strain of about 1% in compression,” Nagashima tells Phys.org. “Recent studies reported in the literature have demonstrated that such wrinkle-to-fold transitions can help develop systems that dynamically change their properties according to the surface morphology. However, inducing the transition in the absence of water is difficult to achieve in practice because, in general, large compression needs to be applied to the skin-substrate system, which hinders wider applications. Our study reveals that even 1% of compression, which is the critical level for creating wrinkles in our case, is large enough to trigger the transition to folds locally when water is present.” Nagashima notes that while the compression level required to induce the transition might differ according to the skin-film system used, only a small compression level would be necessary in combination with water. Observation of the phase transition of liquid crystal defects for the first time Fig. 3. Tunable DNA nanowires. (A) Bright- and dark-field optical microscope images of DNA nanowires created by the capillarity-induced wrinkle-to-fold transition. After evaporation of the droplet, the strain was adjusted to see the structure inside the folds. (B) Confocal microscope images of an array of DNA nanowires extending from the boundary to the locations indicated by the yellow triangles. (C) AFM images of DNA nanowires obtained using wrinkles prepared with various ε (t = 10 min). After the folds were formed, the strain was adjusted to ε ≈ 0.00. The line profiles of the nanowires indicated by the green dotted lines are shown in the images. (D) Height of the nanowires as a function of t (ε ≈ −0.03). (E) Changes in shape of a DNA nanowire from straight to wrinkled with an increase in tensile strain. (F) The wavelength (black symbols) and amplitude (orange symbols) of the wrinkled DNA nanowires as a function of applied tensile strain. (G and H) The line profiles of the DNA nanowire and the skin surface before and after application of the tensile strain (i.e., ε ≈ −0.02 and 0.05, respectively). The color of the profiles corresponds to that of the dotted lines indicated in the AFM images shown in E. (Scale bars: A and B, 10 μm; C, 2 μm; and E, 1 μm.). Credit: Nagashimaa S, Haa HD, Kima DH, Košmrljb A, Stone HA, Moon M-W (2017) Spontaneous formation of aligned DNA nanowires by capillarity-induced skin folding. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 114:24 6233-6237. , Science (Phys.org)—Nanowires fashioned from DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)—one of several type of molecular nanowires incorporating repeating molecular units—are exactly that: Geometrically wire-like DNA-based nanostructures defined variously as having a 1~10 nm (10−9 m) diameter or a length-to-diameter ratio >1000. While nanowires can be made from several organic and inorganic materials, DNA nanowires have been shown to provide a range of valuable applications in programmed self-assembly1,2 of functional materials—including metallic and semiconductor nanowires for use in electronic devices—as well as biological, medical, and genetic analysis applications3,4,5. That being said, DNA nanowire adoption has been limited due to historical limitations in the ability to control their structural parameters—specifically, size, geometry and alignment. Recently, however, scientists at Korea Institute of Science and Technology and Princeton University leveraged the capillary forces of water containing DNA molecules to demonstrate size-controllable straight or undulated aligned DNA nanowires that were spontaneously formed by water entering wrinkled channels of a compressed thin skin on a soft substrate, which subsequently induced a wrinkle-to-fold transition. © 2017 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
More information: Planetary Candidates Observed by Kepler. VIII. A Fully Automated Catalog With Measured Completeness and Reliability Based on Data Release 25, arXiv:1710.06758 [astro-ph.EP] arxiv.org/abs/1710.06758AbstractWe present the Kepler Object of Interest (KOI) catalog of transiting exoplanets based on searching four years of Kepler time series photometry (Data Release 25, Q1—Q17). The catalog contains 8054 KOIs of which 4034 are planet candidates with periods between 0.25 and 632 days. Of these candidates, 219 are new in this catalog and include two new candidates in multi-planet systems (KOI-82.06 and KOI-2926.05), and ten new high-reliability, terrestrial-size, habitable zone candidates. This catalog was created using a tool called the Robovetter which automatically vets the DR25 Threshold Crossing Events (TCEs) found by the Kepler Pipeline Twicken et al. (2016). Because of this automation, we were also able to vet simulated data sets and therefore measure how well the Robovetter separates those TCEs caused by noise from those caused by low signal-to-noise transits. Because of these measurements we fully expect that this catalog can be used to accurately calculate the frequency of planets out to Kepler’s detection limit, which includes temperate, super-Earth size planets around GK dwarf stars in our Galaxy. This paper discusses the Robovetter and the metrics it uses to decide which TCEs are called planet candidates in the DR25 KOI catalog. We also discuss the simulated transits, simulated systematic noise, and simulated astrophysical false positives created in order to characterize the properties of the final catalog. We describe how we measure the completeness and reliability and how they vary with period, signal-to-noise, number of transits, and stellar type. Also, we discuss a value called the disposition score which provides an easy way to select a more reliable, albeit less complete, sample of candidates. The entire KOI catalog and all of the simulated data used to characterize this catalog are available at the NASA Exoplanet Archive. (Phys.org)—A large international team of researchers working with data sent back from NASA’s Kepler space telescope has found evidence of 20 previously unknown, promising exoplanets. In their paper uploaded to the arXiv preprint server, the team describes the exoplanets and highlights the ones that appear to be the most likely to fit into the Goldilocks category. Credit: NASA The researchers report that they used a tool called the Robovetter to sift through data from Kepler planetary sightings to winnow down the possibilities—the tool narrows down hits to those that are deemed candidates to support life. Many of the 20 exoplanets that were discovered had long orbits—one in particular, KOI-7923.01, was found to have an orbit of 395 days and was very close in size to Earth. The team found that it was also a little cooler than Earth due to its distance from its star relative to Earth’s orbit and the star being cooler. The team notes that their initial study suggested the planet is likely covered by a cold tundra, but that it is still not too cold to support life.Unfortunately, the newly discovered planets are still not fully confirmed because Kepler ran into trouble after recording the part of the sky in which the planets are thought to exist. Thus, Kepler was only able to observe the planets two times—not nearly enough for confirmation. Despite the lack of data, the team reports that they are nearly certain that the candidates are not only planets, but are possibly habitable, as well. Ground-based observations are required to confirm the findings.The find was derived from the photometry data sent back by the space telescope over the course of four years before trouble with its reaction wheels back in 2013. The 20 exoplanets of interest were part of a catalogue of 8,054 “Kepler Objects of Interest” that were pared down to 4,034 exoplanets that were believed to have orbits between .25 and 632 days. The 20 exoplanets sifted out are believed to represent those most likely able to support life and thus will receive the most attention over the next several years. © 2017 Phys.org Citation: Kepler data reveals existence of 20 promising exoplanets ‘hiding in plain sight’ (2017, November 1) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-11-kepler-reveals-exoplanets-plain-sight.html Three ‘super-Earth’ exoplanets orbiting nearby star discovered Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Journal information: arXiv
Chinese writer Mo Yan, who has won this year’s Nobel Prize for literature, is relatively unknown to Indian readers and book shops in the capital were Friday scrambling to put his books on their shelves.Books by Mo are not easy to come by, complained a reader.‘I wanted to know about Mo Yan when I heard that he had received the Nobel Prize for literature, but none of the book shops in south Delhi had any of his books,’ Soma Basu, a resident of Greater Kailash, said. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’But book shops said they were doing their best to comply with the sudden demand for Mo, who plots his narratives around the socio-historical perspectives of China on massive colourful canvases.Midland, a reputed book retail chain in the capital, is getting copies of Mo’s Garlic Ballads from its publisher, Arcade, in the US.‘Not many people have read Mo Yan. Till this week, he was completely unknown. But since Thursday, readers have been walking into my shop for his books,’ M A Baig, the founder of the chain said. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe bookstore does brisk business in the novels of popular Chinese writer Gao Xinjiang – the Chinese emigre to France who in 2000 was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature.‘Three of Gao’s books, Soul Mountain, One Man’s Bible and Buying a Fishing Rod sell fairly well… Now Mo’s books will find takers,’ Baig said.Bahrisons in the capital’s Khan Market expects to receive its first consignment of Mo’s books soon.‘We don’t have any books by Mo Yan but his rival Haruki Murakami, who was in the race for the Nobel Prize, sells very well in the country. Mo Yan is not popular but the Nobel Prize has changed his popularity status in India… By Saturday we hope to get fresh stocks from distributors,’ a spokesperson for Bahrisons said. Crossword, one of the biggest book chains in the capital, does not have Mo Yan on its shelves either.‘Not now… Later,’ said a spokesperson for the Crossword Bookstore at Rajouri Garden in the capital.For online readers, Mo’s Change and Red Sorghum are available on Flipkart and Infibeam.Foreign publishing companies in India are not yet ready to meet any sudden interest in Mo Yan’s novels.A spokesperson for Pan Macmillan said: ‘The publishing house has not yet published any of Nobel Laureate Mo Yan’s books.’‘He is still unknown in India and around the world. But now that he has won a Nobel Prize, it will draw readers to his books,” the spokesperson for Pan Macmillan India said.The acclaimed Red Sorghum: A Novel on China, spanning the saga of three generations of a family in the 1930s, which was made into an Oscar-winning movie, has been published in translation by Penguin US. ‘The book is available in India,’ the publisher said. The book sells because of its popularity on screen.‘The Nobel Prize is a political call these days and the idea of giving one to a Chinese author could be a politically fraught decision in a year which saw the famous Chinese dissident Chen Guang Chen… seek refuge in the American Embassy; [Mo’s] books bring out the other side of China,” senior communications executive Manish Singh, an avid reader of the classics, told IANS.According to reports from China, Mo’s latest and most popular “Frog” about China’s “one child birth control” has sold more than 200,000 copies since it was published in 2009. It is yet to reach the Indian audience in translation.
English clarinet player Acker Bilk, who beat the Beatles and other British rockers to the top of the US music charts with the instrumental ‘Stranger on the Shore,’ has died at the age of 85. Manager Sutton said Bilk died on Sunday at a hospital in Bath, England. The cause of death was not announced.Born Bernard Stanley Bilk in 1929 in the southwestern English county of Somerset, Bilk adopted the name Acker from a local slang term for friend.He learned the clarinet as a bored army conscript, stationed in Egypt after World War II, and became one of the stars of Britain’s 1950s ‘trad jazz’ scene.
Doordarshan National celebrated December 25 as the birth anniversary of two exemplary personalities of the nation- Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Madan Mohan Malviya. Following the Prime Minister’s declaration of observing December 25 as ‘Good Governance Day’, the public broadcaster had lined up several special documentaries for telecast.Geet Naya Gata Hoon a documentary on Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee; the statesman, parliamentarian of four decades, Ex PM of India, great orator, poet, literateur and key person in achieving political milestones nationally and internationally. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’He was at the head of successfully executing the Pokhran II Nucleur test, initiating the Sadbhavna yatra from India to Pakistan, starting the Quadruple Road Scheme amongst many other achievements. With the backdrop of his poetry and songs, the film was telecasted on December 25 , at 11 am and repeated at 10:30 pm.Another documentary dedicated to this outstanding personality, octogenarian, and a source of inspiration for all the countrymen – Rashtriyaneta Rajneta, was aired at 9:30 am . Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixAt 9 am a documentary, Swapna Sakaar: documentary on Mahamana Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya was telecasted to pay a tribute to the magnificent personality highlighting his political, social and educational career. An Indian educationist and politician notable for his role in the Indian independence movement and his espousal of Hindu nationalism; he was given the title of ‘Mahamana’. He was the President of the Indian National Congress on two occasions (1909 and 1918).
This season, immerse in mesmerising regional handloom weaves like Maheshwari, Kota, Ikats and fine Bandhini along with block printed textiles in Ajrakh, Bagru and Dabu styles. Splendid garments, fabrics and furnishings embellished with regional embroideries will be available in Ari, Sindhi, Lambani, Sozni and Applique. Organic cottons and naturally dyed children’s clothing with eco herbal essential oils and designer combs made out of neem will showcase versatility of natural materials. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Traditional leather footwear along with tribal, bead and thread based jewellery that shall surely leave you asking for more. Pottery, wood carving, cotton dhurries will feature along with environment-friendly handmade Moonj baskets along with Candles, Sikki and Paper Mache decoratives.Regional painting forms like Madhubani, Kalamkari and Tanjore shall further leave you spellbound. Ruaab-sewa brings you craft products from Ethiopia, for the very first time. Hand-spun cotton handlooms, carved leather bags and purses, decorative clay items and painted pottery tea-sets along with jewellery made from indigenous Ethiopian wood and a selection of local Ethiopian silver jewellery will be showcased. It will be a cross cultural exchange of traditions and discover the hospitality of their ritual ‘Coffee Ceremony’ using their famous “Bunna” coffee. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixOne of the many unique Indian crafts represented, will be Rogan Paintings by Md. Jabbar A. Khatri from Kutch, Gujarat. The rare technique is only practiced by 10 people in the village of Nirona in Kutch, and the importance for giving these artists a strong market platform was evident in Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, choosing a Rogan Painting to be India’s gift to US President, Barrack Obama.Dastkar, a registered NGO working with crafts and craftspeople for over three decades, strongly believes in crafts as a catalytic tool for social and economic empowerment and earning. It aims to break the barriers that separate craftspeople from mainstream urban markets, reviving and revitalizing both the craft and the community.Where: The Nature Bazaar Avenue, Kisan Haat, near Chhatarpur metro stationWhen: February 12 – Feb 23 Timings: 11:00 a.m. – 7:00 p.m. Entry: Rs. 20
A 16-year-old girl from USA, who stays in Gurgaon with her mother, alleged that she was raped by a youth of African origin whom she reportedly met over a social networking site around six months ago.The accused has been identified as David (22) from his Facebook account. He is presently on a run and the girl could not provide any more details to the police beyond what is there in the accused youth’s Facebook account. A case has been registered under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act and relevant sections of IPC. The police are looking for David despite being entirely clueless about his whereabouts. Also Read – Company director arrested for swindling Rs 345 croreThe girl belongs to Texas in USA. She lives at an apartment in Gurgaon sector 47 with her mother, who works as an executive in a multinational company. The accused and the girl exchanged their contact details over Facebook around six months ago, after which they met each other thrice. On March 16, the accused took the girl to a hotel in Gurgaon sector 38, where he allegedly sexually assaulted her, said a police official.After the incident, the girl went to a hospital in Delhi on her own and got her medical examination done. Being confirmed about sexual assault, she narrated her ordeal to her mother, who later called up the police control room and reported to the police.
Santiniketan (West Bengal): Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Bangladeshi counterpart Sheikh Hasina inaugurated the Bangladesh Bhavan here on Friday to symbolically highlight the warm bilateral cultural ties between the two countries. The inauguration of Bangladesh Bhavan inside the Vishwa Bharti University complex took place in the presence of West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee.The Bangladesh Bhavan features a museum that showcases renowned poet Rabindranath Tagore’s association with that country, the Liberation War of Bangladesh and Indo-Bangla relations. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsIt has been built at a cost of Rs. 25 crores, which was provided by the Bangladesh government.A fund of Rs. 10 crores would be given to help maintain the museum premises.Reportedly, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) will also be signed between Vishwa Bharati University and the Secondary and Higher Secondary Division of the Bangladesh education ministry.Prime Minister Hasina, who is on a two-day visit to India, on the invitation of Prime Minister Modi, was received by Banerjee.As per reports, both Prime Ministers will hold a bilateral meeting.Prime Minister Hasina will return to Bangladesh on Saturday night.
Kolkata: Chief Minister prayed for world peace while inaugurating the Rath Yatra festival organised by the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) in Kolkata on Saturday.She pulled the rope and marked the beginning of the seven-day festival. “Religion is personal but people from every faith take part in the festival of peace and harmony,” she maintained.Thousands of people gathered at the Radha Govinda temple on Albert Road to pull the rope which is considered to be extremely auspicious on Rath Yatra. Indranil Sen, Minister of State for Information and Cultural Affairs, Rajeev Kumar, Kolkata Police Commissioner, Moon Moon Sen and Subrata Bakshi, party MPs and Debashis Kumar, Member, Mayor-in-Council (Parks and Squares) were present at the inaugural function. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedThe Rath will reach maidan where a temporary mashir bari (aunt’s house) has been set up via Sarat Bose Road, Hazra Road, Asutosh Mookerjee Road and Jawaharlal Nehru Road. There will be week-long celebrations at Maidan where there will be religious discourses on Srimad Bhagavatam, kirtans and bhajans in which devotees of the ISKCON who have come from all over the world will take part.ISKCON has been celebrating the Rath Yatra in Kolkata for the past 46 years. It was started on July 12, 1972, in which Bhagavan Prabhupada was present along with his Western devotees like Jaipataha Swami and Achyutananda Swami. While Prabhupada sang Hare Krishna Mahamantra, Jaipataka Swami played the cymbals and Achyutananda Swami played the drums. It was the first time when Kolkatans saw Western devotees dancing and chanting Hare Krishna. Also Read – Naihati: 10 councillors return to TMC from BJPThe Rath Yatra festival was observed with great enthusiasm at Mayapur. Lakhs of people coming from different caste, creed and religion pulled the rope and enjoyed prasadam served by the ISKCON monks.Rath Yatra festival was also observed at Mahesh in Hooghly district where thousands of devotees pulled the rope. There is a fair organised along GT Road where elaborate police arrangements have been made for smooth manoeuvre of the Rath.In Balaram mandir, a unit of Ramakrishna Mission, hundreds of devotees pulled the rope. A special puja was also observed. Swami Vagishanandaji, one of the presidents of Ramakrishna Math and Mission pulled the rope to mark the beginning of the festival. It may be recalled the Sri Ramakrishna had pulled the rope of the chariot along with his devotees over a century ago at Balaram Basu’s house which is now known as Balaram Mandir.
Kolkata: Vast stretches of the city were left inundated following heavy rainfall that lasted for an hour on Sunday afternoon, resulting in traffic congestion in some parts. In the central part and also some northern parts of the city, the traffic was reportedly in a mess following the shower.The situation may continue to worsen, not only in the city but in all South Bengal districts, as the Regional Meteorological Centre in Alipore has predicted heavy rainfall in all South Bengal districts in the next 48 hours. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAccording to the weather office, a low pressure trough has been created over the northern parts of Bay of Bengal, which will be further intensified bringing more rainfall in all the districts in South Bengal. There will a heavy to very heavy rainfall in various South Bengal districts. The city will be no exception.The sky will remain cloudy from Monday morning and various parts will receive moderate to heavy rainfall. As per the prediction, some of the North Bengal districts will also receive moderate rainfall while some others may receive heavy rainfall. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedRain lashed Kolkata and many other districts on Sunday afternoon. The downpour started at around 1.30 in the city and continued for nearly one hour. The incident left various stretches waterlogged.The civic authorities acted promptly to discharge the accumulated water in major thoroughfares. College Street, Amherst Street and Thanthania went under water due to the rain, causing severe inconvenience to the people. Motorcyclists and auto rickshaw drivers faced problems after the engines of their vehicles shut down on College Street. Other parts of the city like Central Avenue, MG Road, some stretches of VIP Road and Salt Lake also went under water following Sunday’s rain. Both Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) and other civic bodies acted promptly to discharge the accumulated water. The situation was, however, brought under control within a couple of hours.According to KMC sources, the pumping stations at Palmer Bazar in North and Ballygunge in the Southern fringes of the city recorded around 50 mm rainfall in one hour in the afternoon. The number of traffic was less on the streets as it was Sunday. Many people, however, got stuck in the downpour that lashed the city. Many people preferred to stay indoors on Sunday evening due to the rain.As similar weather will continue for the next two days, people in the city have been asked to carry umbrellas while going to their workplaces on Monday and Tuesday.
However, a new study suggests that being in a group that includes just one slightly older adult might decrease the teenagers’ propensity to engage in risky behaviour. “Decision making in groups of adolescents and young adults is more prudent when a somewhat older adult is present,” explained Laurence Steinberg, psychological scientist at Temple University in Pennsylvania, US.The study was designed to shed light on the group performance in the context of army combat teams where many soldiers in the front lines are in their late teenage or early 20s. However, the researchers also maintained that the findings are relevant across various settings, including restaurants and retail stores, which employ a relatively high proportion of adolescents.The study, published in Psychological Science, provides guidance to organisations that should decide on the age mix of their work teams, the researchers revealed. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Some of the participants, all 18-20-year-old men, were randomly assigned to complete the experiment alone, while others completed the task in a group of three same-aged peers or two same-aged peers and one slightly older male. The participants then completed a computer-based driving game, in which one group member was tasked with driving a car along a track as quickly as possible while the others watched.At each intersection in the game, the “driver” had to decide whether to stop for a yellow light, which would incur a time penalty, or to continue driving. If the driver ran through the light, he risked hitting another vehicle, which would incur an even greater time penalty. The drivers were offered a monetary incentive for completing the course quickly, and the observers received bonuses based on the driver’s performance. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe researchers measured drivers’ risk taking as the proportion of intersections at which they did not brake for the yellow light. They also measured participants’ preference for relatively small immediate rewards versus larger delayed rewards.The results revealed that drivers who were observed by peers took significantly more risks and showed a stronger preference for immediate rewards than those who completed the task in a group that included a slightly older graduate student.
A solo exhibition of paintings, pop-up art and installation by Sankha Banerjee titled ‘In the Realm of Myths’ is starts today at India International Centre in the national Capital and continues till September 27.The dialectical dynamics between myths and reality in India is quite alluring. The myths possess an exuding all-embracing attitude in its acceptance of multiple identities. And the dichotomy of myths and reality can also create a Babel-like chaotic confusion. Anyone can experience the feeling of being a voyeur in the realm of Indian myths and its metaphorical narrations. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfIn the annals of myths, stories have always been associated with multitude layers of grandeur to express society and the people of India. Myths can also speak succinctly about society and its system. Even though myths derive and create philosophical turmoil within a social context. The forms and characters of mythical stories themselves change with changes in cultural, social and political contexts, and they seek to explore these trajectories within and also without the broader spectrum of time and space. Myths also trek towards a vantage point-literally and metaphorically with the flow of human lives, in both their macro and microcosmic versions.Sankha Banerjee, the artist endeavours the mapping of several myths of both ancient and urban society of India. His recurrent viewing of humanity in myths and narration as leitmotif makes him view them through a magnified prism to understand them. Through his art he tries to address the multiplicity of narratives in a non-linear manner of a bygone era adjacent with the present.
Kolkata: Trinamool Congress Rajya Sabha MP Santanu Sen Monday claimed that he has been receiving death threats from unknown persons for the past several days. Sen, however, did not specify the reason for the threats. He said that the number of calls threatening to put an end to his life has escalated in the past few weeks which prompted him to lodge a police complaint. It may be recalled that the party’s Krishnaganj MLA Satyajit Biswas was shot from point blank range by unidentified assailants in full public view on February 9 inside a Saraswati puja marquee at Phoolbari village in Nadia district. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata Bose “I have been receiving life threats from unknown numbers for the last one-and-a-half month. Initially, I had ignored those threats since I am a politician,” Sen told PTI. However, in the last few weeks, the number of such calls have increased sharply, he said. “My family members and well-wishers suggested me to intimate the police. So I had lodged a complaint at the local police station,” Sen said. Sen is a key organisational leader of the TMC in North Kolkata and its suburbs. The TMC leadership has recently sought reports from the party’s district presidents regarding the security status of MLAs and important leaders in the respective districts. Apart from enhancing security of MLAs, the district leaders are also keen on providing additional security to key people in the organization’s set up ahead of the elections.
New Delhi: Mother Sparsh launches Natural Insect Repellent with the combination of 100% natural ingredients such as Lemon Grass Oil, Citronella Oil, Eucalyptus Oil and Camphor Oil. This product focuses on healthcare aspects with no harmful chemicals, making it completely safe and effective for kids of the millennial. The presence of eucalyptus oil creates Herbal Armor (protective shield) which protects from insects like mosquitoes, fleas, ants, etc and lemongrass, citronella, camphor provide soothing effect on the skin, making it the most kids friendly insect repellent in its category. Commenting on the launch of this new Natural Insect Repellent, Rishu Gandhi, Founder and Head – Brand Strategy of Mother Sparsh said, “Being an eco-friendly brand Mother Sparsh always focuses on the products that are 100% natural and protect kids & toddlers with no side effects. We are also looking to expand our brand product portfolio by tapping into the rich ayurvedic heritage of India.”
Over the centuries, fashion has provided us with some very questionable trends — hoop skirts and clam-diggers come to mind. But of all the fads, none boggle the mind quite as much as the hobble skirt.This snug-fitting attire, which hugged the legs and cinched in at the ankles, was quite the craze from about 1910 to 1913.(The name, by the way, comes from the term for binding a horse’s hooves together to keep it from running off.)A postcard (c.1911) depicting a man and a women dressed in the fashion of the era. Caption: The Hobble Skirt “What’s that? It’s the speed-limit skirt!”The Wright Brothers, of all people, took credit for this ill-conceived little number, claiming they unwittingly came up with the idea upon tying a string around a female passenger’s flapping skirt to keep it safe within the jumpseat of a plane.French couturier Paul Poiret begged to differ, insisting he created the hobble skirt in 1908, for favored clients, to be worn without cumbersome petticoats or confining corsets. “Yes, I freed the bust, Poiret boasted, “but I shackled the legs.”Journalist Marguerite Martyn drew this sketch of herself wearing a hobble skirt while interviewing millionaire Edward Howland Robinson Green in 1911, with a quotation from him.Yeah…about that. Chic though they might have been, hobble skirts were next to impossible to walk in. Instead of strides, women had to take tiny, mincing steps, not unlike a Japanese geisha (or Morticia Adams for that matter).Nonetheless, copies of Poiret’s narrow skirts would find their way to America, just as the suffrage movement was gaining steam. Forward-thinking women, armed with more independence and eager to wear whatever they damn well pleased, were only too happy to embrace any look that allowed them to ditch their petticoats.Though the skirts supposedly provided more freedom for early feminists, they were also lending credence to those who weren’t all that jazzed with the whole women’s rights thing. Newspapers were quick to pounce on any accident (Twisted ankles! Broken legs! Bruised Dignity!) involving hobble skirts.Hobble skirt style, 1911.A Chicago minister called them an abomination. Some employers forbade their female workers from wearing them.The New York Times got all guilt-trippy with an overwrought editorial on the economic impact of a world without petticoats: “Think of that! Think of 10,000 people turned away from their possible means of livelihood, 10,000 families, perhaps, starving, just because women persist in following an ungraceful and immodest freak of fashion!”Gazette du Bon Ton fashion plate, 1914.Some took to the trend. The “older generation” applauded the hobble skirt, believing it would “… bring back to women the old grace. They will be compelled to shorten their strides, learn to place their feet in a straight line, and not throw them in or out in the slovenly modern way, and that the entire appearance of women will be thus benefited.”But, ornery as ever, the press was having a field day, poking fun at the new craze with cartoonists taking digs at the struggles women faced trying to cross streets or climb into cars.Costumes Parisiens Fashion illustration No.91 from Journal des dames et des modes, 1913 – Robe de taffetas gris by George BarbierEmbarrassed Parisian couturiers washed their hands of the whole affair and, in a nifty bit of revisionist history, insisted the trend was American in origin.A New York Times writer huffed: “If women want to run for Governor, they ought to be able to run for a car…. If they want to be legally free they shouldn’t be sartorially shackled.”Costumes Parisiens Fashion illustration No.53 from Journal des dames et des modes, 1913 – Toilette d’après Midi, Aris Metzanov“But with the lack of logic that the sex can be counted on to display they have chosen a trammelled figure and shackled ankles when they need most to have them free in the strenuous race for equality with the trousered sex.”In 1912, someone took pity on those poor tottering women and tweaked the trend, incorporating hidden slits and pleats underneath the skirt to allow for more movement and (slightly) longer strides.More good news: In 1914, to accommodate tight-skirted passengers, tramlines were equipped with “Hobble Skirt” cars (or Hedley-Doyle cars, named after their designers, Frank Hedley, Vice-President and General Manager of the New York Railways Company, and James S. Doyle, Superintendent of Car Equipment), with the entrances dropped to just eight inches from street level for easier access.Read another story from us: Roaring Twenties Beach Fashion – Photos of the Classic Unisex Bathing SuitsThe hobble skirt hit the road in 1915. With the onset of World War I, this fashion footnote seemed a tad too frivolous and impractical for such a sobering, “Let’s roll up our sleeves!” time.
When planning a wedding, one of the most stressful decisions you have to compromise on is what song will be your first dance. Frank Sinatra’s a classic and Celine Dion’s a modern standard. But what about when you’re planning a funeral? Believe it or not, the same beloved crooners that may serenade you the night of your nuptials can also be popular choices for gloomier affairs. For some people facing a deadly deadline, or for some in full health who want to plan for the future, choosing which song or a soundtrack to play at their funeral is an important decision. What’s the best way to have the last word? Sinatra’s “My Way” is an understandably good choice. Short, sweet, and to the point, “My Way” is a jaunty way of reminding mourners of the deceased’s sass and independence.Frank Sinatra, 1957Dion’s “My Heart Will Go On” did the wedding circuit for a while in the booming wake of Titanic’s release. Over time, people began to have a closer listen to the bleak lyrics which clearly reference loss of a love one and its popularity changed scenes. There’s an even more popular choice for funerals these days, though. In England, the Co-operative Funeralcare compiled a list of the most popular burial ballads. Topping the chart incontestably at the number one slot is “Always Look On the Bright Side of Life.”Related Video: The Black Knight from Monty Python & The Holy Grail was based on a Real PersonIt may sound like a sweet, comforting message to send out in a time of grief, but anyone recognizing the title will know it’s a spunky and snarky tune taken from the film The Life of Brian, one of the full-length features of the cult comedy troupe Monty Python.Graham Chapman comemorative Blue Plaque. Photo by Spudgun67 CC BY-SA 4.0Anyone who knows the group will have had a good laugh, but for those who aren’t familiar with the lyrics, they contain bits like:“Forget about your sin, Give the audience a grin, Enjoy it, it’s your last chance anyhow.”To further emphasize the absurdity of the song, it is performed when the main character of the film, Brian, is captured by Roman soldiers who crucify him. Nailed upon a cross, he sings:“Keep ’em laughing as you go, Just remember that the last laugh is on you.”The first use of this upbeat tune was at the memorial service of one of Monty Python’s own founding members, Graham Chapman. The character of Brian was played by none other than Chapman, so the song was sadly jocular. Suffice to say this certainly reflects a new outlook on funeral planning. It is now the time that rebellious souls who grew up in the ‘60s and ‘70s are having to face the woe of mortality. Leave it to the generation that completely shaped modern pop culture to begin to change the way we look at funerals.According to the Telegraph, a spokesperson from Co-op Funeralcare said, “There’s been a general shift towards people trying to find some way of celebrating the life of their loved ones,” noting that Monty Python isn’t the only bizarre choice. Queen is also popular, especially given that they have several appropriately named options (“Another One Bites the Dust,” “Who Wants to Live Forever,” and “Don’t Stop Me Now” to name a few).Queen on stage at the Oakland Arena, Oakland, California, July 1980. Photo by Mark James Miller CC BY-SA 3.0Some make inappropriate choices as well, and funeral homes have been finding themselves having to deny certain requests. Operations Director of Co-op Funeralcare, David Collingwood, said, “We will accommodate any individual request, no matter how unusual, providing it is legal and decent.” Denied artists include the Sex Pistols and Eminem.Read another story from us: The Black Knight from Monty Python & The Holy Grail was Inspired by a True StoryFor traditionalists, there’s no need to worry about flippant decisions that may be regretted by loved ones later. These pop and parody songs balance out pretty evenly with classic dirges like “The Lord is My Shepherd” and “Abide With Me” which come in 2nd and 3rd place, respectively, after Monty Python.
Colin says:Whether to honor Paterno is a nuanced situation. We can’t handle nuance.Kaepernick played well enough to make the team last night.Looky looky at what Barkevious Mingo did last night.Never let anyone have too much power.Lane Kiffin will call the game of his life this weekend against USC.Guests:Shannon Sharpe – NFL Hall of Famer and host if The Undisputed on FS1 is in studio to explain why Kaepernick’s roster spot is safe, the reality that players today have opinions, and why protests should make people uncomfortable.Jason Whitlock – FS1 and Speak for Yourself host is in studio to talk about his observations from attending the post game press conference, why he thinks Kap is making this whole thing up on the fly, the future of athletes speaking out on social issues, and the idea of honoring Joe Paterno at Penn State.Dave Wannstedt – Fox Sports College Football analyst is in studio to talk Brady playing in the final preseason game, the huge leap from preseason to regular season, his takeaway so far with Jared Goff, and which teams he likes this college football season.
Advertisement Colts rookie guard Quenton Nelson has an extra nastiness you can’t teach, and seems to take a perverse pleasure in demoralizing defenders when he plants them into the ground.Yesterday, Nelson went viral for laying out a Jags defender with as devastating a block as you’ll ever see on a run play, but it’s not even the best part. The Colts twitter account released audio of Nelson screaming like an absolute madman as he laid the wood which makes it 10,000 times better.It’s only a quick clip, but it’s hard not to watch it about 150 times on a loop because it’s just that good. Some people wondered how a guard could warrant the 6th overall pick in the draft, but 6’5” 330 road grader has been better than advertised. For defenders that see – or hear – him coming it’s probably best to just get the hell out of the way.SCREAMING HELPS. pic.twitter.com/hYkcDAcXJ0— Indianapolis Colts (@Colts) November 12, 2018
Advertisement With the AAF dominating the headlines on a slow sports weekend, the single best run came from the 2019 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show and a badass little bulldog named Rudy who attacked the agility course like he was chasing the mailman with a steak hanging out of his pocket.Old Rudy isn’t one of the so called “favorites,” but he stole the show because there’s just something that’s too damn cute about watching a bulldog give it 110% and leave it all out on the field.After veering off track a couple of times Rudy clocked a time of 46.33 seconds thanks to five faults, but hey what makes you so perfect? He didn’t win the gold, but this run is satisfying like a fat guy touchdown on Saturday. He may have an AAF contract waiting for him when he gets home.A bulldog doing agility is a marvelous sight pic.twitter.com/YboGlhp3hk— CJ Fogler (@cjzero) February 10, 2019