TONIGHT at the Clanree Hotel in Letterkenny, the women in Business in County Donegal will launch their fresh new brand, website & online directory and host an evening of “Meet the Donegal Women in Business” showcase. The network committee would like to extend an invitation to anyone who would like to come along on the evening.The event, which will be officially launched by Minister Joe McHugh, is FREE of charge & there will be a large number of businesses networking & displaying on the night. There are some spaces still available and if you are interested in coming along or having a stand on the night, call Rachel on 0749160735 or email email@example.com.We will have ladies from all industry sectors & of all age groups sharing their experiences with you about how the network benefits them and the networking on the night will be invaluable.Donegal Women in Business was set up 14 years ago to support all women who work in business and who own or manage a business in the county.With over 200 members, the Network is all about helping their members succeed. It supports members by: Giving shared learning and best practice through regular seminars and workshops, providing opportunities for businesses to promote themselves, being a source of information, holding regular networking events, enabling members to build up useful business contacts. The network run a number of seminars/workshops/breakfast meetings throughout the year. It’s not all work though, the Network also runs a number of social events, which provide a welcome diversion from daily business life and are a great way to have some fun while getting to know other members!The Network is open to all women with an interest in business. If you are interested in joining the Network, please contact: Rachel Wasson, Denise McClintock or Grace Ann McGarvey by email to firstname.lastname@example.org or follow us on Facebook and on Twitter. Looking forward to seeing you there. DONEGAL WOMEN IN BUSINESS TO LAUNCH NEW WEBSITE AND ONLINE DIRECTORY was last modified: October 13th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Air New Zealand has revealed Peter Jackson’s theatrical interpretation of the mythical Dragon Smaug exclusively to the world, ten days ahead of the release of The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug, a production of New Line Cinema and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures.See video below.A Boeing 777-300ER aircraft with the 54 metre (177 feet) long Dragon emblazoned on both sides was unveiled in Auckland on Monday December 2.The first film in The Hobbit Trilogy, The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey famously featured just Smaug’s eye, leaving it to fans to envisage for themselves how he might look in Peter Jackson’s imagination.Air New Zealand Chief Executive Officer Christopher Luxon says the airline has been in discussions for some time around permission to feature Smaug on the ‘flying billboard’ ahead of the film’s official release.“For our partners to allow Air New Zealand to reveal their star to the world is a huge privilege. We worked with Weta Digital which designed the graphic especially for us for this purpose.”This is the second 777-300ER inspired by The Hobbit Trilogy in the Air New Zealand fleet. The first was unveiled last year to coincide with the launch of The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey and has been wowing fans around the world since.Director of The Hobbit Trilogy, Sir Peter Jackson, says while the first aircraft, featuring various characters from the first film, was extremely impressive the enormous scale of the single Dragon running the entire length of the aircraft is even more awe inspiring.“To see Smaug fly off the big screen and into the skies like this is pretty exciting. We’re proud to debut him here in New Zealand, where our team has worked so hard to bring him to life.” Visual Effects Supervisor Eric Saindon of Weta Digital says designing a graphic which not only fits with Peter Jackson’s creative vision but also meets the various specifications required to fit on an aircraft was no mean feat.“Capturing Smaug’s presence and the amazing detail in his design while accommodating the windows, doors and wing shape was quite a different experience for us,” said Saindon. “It was great to see Smaug brought to life, and he appears even larger in the film!”The aircraft will head to Los Angeles Monday evening, to arrive just in time for the premiere on December 2nd local time.As part of its global marketing campaign around The Hobbit:The Desolation of Smaug, the airline has also released a video entitled Just another day in Middle-earth, which features staff from across its business, with a magical Hobbit movie-inspired twist. The video has been viewed online 1.5 million times in less than two weeks.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Leave a CommentThe Ohio Farm Bureau Federation is seeking a director of strategic partnerships who has a proven track record in creating and managing key relationships that will increase the visibility and brand of the organization. The candidate will strategize, develop and lead efforts in creating partnership activities for the organization. A bachelor’s degree in business, agriculture, agriculture business, communications, agricultural communications, marketing or related field is desired. Must have excellent networking skills, strong project management abilities, outstanding communication skills both verbal and written and solid sales and financial management skills. Experience in a membership association and nonprofit environment and a passion for agriculture are preferred. Competitive salary and benefits package offered.Please respond with a cover letter and resumé by email to [email protected].Deadline to apply: Sept. 20, 2019Primary Duties:1. Implement new and grow existing partnerships.2. Strategize, develop and direct effective partnership activities for the organization.3. Lead efforts, designated by the VP of Strategic Partnerships, related to growing the OFBF and Nationwide relationship including:Working with the senior consultant, business development for Nationwide Sponsor Relations; business development field director for OFBF; organization directors; Nationwide agents and more to develop mutually beneficial business opportunities.Strengthen relationships between Nationwide agents and associates and Farm Bureau programs that enhance sales.Develop membership and Nationwide sales opportunities.Assist in Land as Your Legacy programming.Develop strategies to expand Nationwide’s financial and commercial product and service portfolio within Farm Bureau membership base.Work with organization directors and county leadership to promote Nationwide partnership, products and services.4. Lead efforts, designated by the VP Strategic Partnerships, to grow additional existing partnerships and develop new partnership opportunities, including assisting in the identification of potential partnerships, benefit needs of relevant stakeholders and new market opportunities.5. Champion and manage new projects to create stronger partnerships.6. Manage the relationship, as directed by VP Strategic Partnerships, with members and vendors to build the brand and business.7. Collaborate within and outside the organization as needed to devise strategies and tactics for developing and growing partnerships. Liaise with partners to solve issues and communicate needs.8. Contribute to Ohio Farm Bureau media efforts as needed.9. Manage internal workflow, track revenue and expenses, track project performance, meet budgetary objectives and report to management and as directed.10. Build and maintain key contacts across the food, agriculture, business, education, political landscapes and more.11. Daily monitoring of actions of key partners and sharing content with key staff and leaders.12. Identify and prepare coworkers and members for specific events/activities.13. Plan/carryout special events.14. Collaborate with counterparts in other ag groups, state Farm Bureaus and American Farm Bureau.15. Prepare materials, communications, reports and more related to growing and maintaining strategic partnerships.Additional Duties: • Other assignments as assigned by the Vice President of Strategic PartnershipsMINIMUM EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCE QUALIFICATIONS – Bachelor’s degree in business, agriculture, agriculture business, communications, agricultural communication, marketing or related fieldMINIMUM SKILL QUALIFICATIONS – Strong networking skills – Strong ability to communicate and develop professional relationships with a wide variety of current and potential organizational partners and members – Excellent client-facing and internal communication skills including verbal and written, attention to detail and multitasking skills – Strong ability to communicate on agricultural topics including (but not limited to) agricultural business, agricultural production, policy, economics, food issues, science, social issues, environmental issues – Strong sales, project management, business, budgeting and financial management skills with a track record of successPREFERRED QUALIFICATIONS – Minimum of five (5) years experience in a related position – Ability to manage budgets – Goal orientedAbout Ohio Farm BureauMission – Working together for Ohio farmers to advance agriculture and strengthen our communities.The Ohio Farm Bureau Federation is a grassroots membership organization that supports programs that ensure the growth of Ohio food and farms, such as advocating for good government policy, developing opportunities for young farmers, providing student scholarships and grants, supporting Ohio food efforts, creating food literacy programs for kids, hosting community building events and funding efforts to protect the environment, water quality, farmland preservation and more. 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REAL ESTATE30% revenue growth1,19,153 new jobsJob seekers have never had it so good. From software to manufacturing, everyone is adding as many warm bodies as it can, making 2007 a landmark year in terms of job creation. Even though corporate India is faced with short-term pressures of rising input costs,,REAL ESTATE30% revenue growth1,19,153 new jobsJob seekers have never had it so good. From software to manufacturing, everyone is adding as many warm bodies as it can, making 2007 a landmark year in terms of job creation. Even though corporate India is faced with short-term pressures of rising input costs, high interest rates and a potential slowdown in demand, employment forecast for both the manufacturing and services sectors has never been this strong. Job seekers have never had it so good. From software to manufacturing, everyone is adding as many warm bodies as it can, making 2007 a landmark year in terms of job creation. Even though corporate India is faced with short-term pressures of rising input costs, high interest rates and a potential slowdown in demand, employment forecast for both the manufacturing and services sectors has never been this strong.IT & SERVICES35% revenue growthThe survey covered 114 units in thesector which employs 13,61,997 people.In 2007, it is expected to create…1,58,735 new jobsEmployment, as a measure of economic growth, has been on the uptick since 2004, but the activity has gained momentum over the last two years with companies adding capacities and increasing headcounts, thanks to rising domestic consumption. Projected to close the financial year with a growth rate of 9 per cent, India continues to be among the three fastest-growing economies in the world. Consequently, its contribution to global GDP is slated to increase from the present 6.2 per cent to 8.8 per cent by 2020. A lion’s share of this growth comes from the services and the manufacturing sectors, which have grown by over 11 per cent in 2006-07. With India gearing up to be a manufacturing hub for industries like textile, auto, steel and petroleum products, the war for talent is spilling on to the manufacturing sector as well.TEXTILE & GARMENTS20% revenue growthThe survey covered 109 units in thesector which employs 18,04,376 people.In 2007, it is expected to create…1,46,065 new jobsThe macro-environment may have turned tight with interest rates hardening, but there is little likelihood of a downturn in economic activity in the near future as companies are relying more on non-banking sources for their capital expenditure needs. As a result, higher interest rates are not expected to significantly impact investment and employment activity.The analysis by the Asian Development Bank, based on the numbers in the latest National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) report on employment, indicates that the employment growth rate has picked up from 1 per cent between 1993-94 and 1999-2000 to 2.8 per cent during 1999-2000 and 2004.TELECOM & LOGISTICS43% revenue growthThe survey covered 77 units in thesector which employs 29,16,629 people.In 2007, it is expected to create…93,936 new jobsManufacturing saw the steepest employment increase at 5.8 per cent, which was followed by services at 3.9 per cent. The higher employment rate in the economy has also benefited those with less than secondary school qualifications. In fact, those who have studied until middle school are the biggest gainers from the growth in employment, capturing 42 per cent of the 70 million jobs that came up between 1999-2000 and 2004. For those who are wondering where to look for that dream job, the wait ends now. Looking for a job won’t be akin to finding a needle in a hay stack. The INDIA TODAY-Ma Foi Employment Trends Survey puts 16 sectors under the scanner to understand how many people will be added in 2007. Market research agency TNS Mode surveyed 1,294 units across all major industry segments, geographical areas, size, class, and ownership types to get a fix on how many new jobs would be created.The results of the survey indicate employment in organised sector is growing rapidly, after years of stagnation. Corporate India is expected to create 8,22,456 new jobs in 2007, across 16 sectors. All the sectors will witness growth in employment, except the banking and finance verticals. This is mainly because private banks are riding high on retail business, while the growth of public sector banks has been significantly lower. The employment fall is most marked in this sector on account of VRS as well as attrition not compensated by increased hiring.advertisementMEDIA & ENTERTAINMENT20% revenue growthThis nascent sector of economy has seenphenomenal growth. In 2007, new channelsand radio stations are expected to create…20,000 new jobsThe star performer of India Inc for job creation is the IT and ITES sector, which will create the maximum jobs, followed by textile and garment manufacturing, real estate and construction, transport and communication. Explains Satish Pradhan, executive vice-president, group HR, Tata Sons, “There is a growth story unfolding in India and this growth has intensified due to industrialisation, driven by domestic and international consumption.” Currently, there are 150 million Indians at an approximate income level of Rs 1.5 lakh per annum and by 2011, over 750 million will be in this income slab, which will drive consumption considerably. This class, also known as the mass affluent Indians, is getting better jobs and fatter pay cheques. IT SERVICES & ITES: The year 2005 witnessed the coming of age of the Indian IT multinationals, with the traditionally Indiacentric, indigenous players beginning to build noticeable presence in other locations-through cross-border acquisitions, onshore contract wins and organic growth in other low-cost locations. In keeping with past trends, the biggest employment generator this year will be the IT-ITES sector. The industry is likely to record $47.8 billion in annual revenues in 2007, an increase of nearly 28 per cent, taking the sector’s contribution to overall GDP to 5.4 per cent from 4.8 per cent last year. Multinational companies have announced investments to the tune of $10 billion in 2006-07, which will be invested over the next few years. By 2010, the IT and ITES industries aim to grow to $60 billion, which will mean an addition of 5,00,000 new jobs over the next three years.AVIATION25% revenue growthIndia has added 135 new aircraft intwo years. In 2007, private airlinesare expected to create…8,000 new jobsAccording to the survey, this sector will add over 1,58,735 people over the next 12 months. However, increases in employment due to off shoring are not being adequately captured in this survey as some of that is through offshore arms of Indian multinationals. Be it Wipro or Cognizant, the fourth biggest IT services provider in India, almost every IT company is adding to its head-count. NASSCOM projections show that the employment base of the software sector will touch 1.6 million in 2007, with big boys of IT services and their business process outsourcing (BPO) arms recruiting generously.Cognizant plans to add a net of 17,200 professionals in calendar 2007, taking its global headcount to at least 56,000, from 38,800 in December 2006. Says Bhaskar Das, vice-president, HR: “Over 85 per cent of the hiring will happen in India, of both freshers and experienced professionals.” IT services companies typically look for engineers or science graduates at the entry level with a compensation of Rs 2.4 lakh per annum, while the lateral placements (that of experienced professionals) could range from project managers to vertical heads. IT services giant Wipro’s growth momentum is likely to be the same as last year. It recruited 15,000 people across its software and BPO businesses and Pratik Kumar, head of its HR, expects to add almost the same number this year.CHEMICALS & PHARMA10% revenue growthThe survey covered 174 units in thesector which employs 7,26,163 people.In 2007, it is expected to create…39,968 new jobsIn an industry where attrition is in the range of 14-20 per cent, recruitment is not easy. In order to find the right kind of people, Cognizant is aggressively following the employee-referral programme. Approximately 51 per cent of Cognizant’s lateral hiring last year came from this programme, which translates into more than 3,000 professionals joining from this route. Cognizant encourages its employees, to “bring in” their friends and peers, with incentives up to Rs 50,000.From malls to night clubs, the BPO firms are all over the place, looking for people. In order to shatter the college canteen atmosphere, companies like WNS have started the concept of familiarisation trips for potential employees so that they know what a BPO job means. Explains Anirudh Limaye, HR manager at WNS: “It is important for people to understand that this is a serious business and not about fun.”Thanks to the shortage of talented manpower, companies like Wipro are even hiring young science graduates and putting them on the job where they acquire software skills by day and attend lectures of BITS Pilani professors by night. At the end of four years, these science graduates not only have a job with Wipro but also have an engineering degree to boot.AUTOMOBILE & AUTO COMPONENTS: While the software growth story has been unfolding for a while, the next big story is automobiles and components. The survey estimates that this sector will see 20,946 new jobs in 2007. With India slated to become a large auto market and an export hub for small cars, the world’s leading automobile companies are setting up manufacturing facilities in India. At the end of 2004-05, the total sales of passenger vehicles-cars, utility vehicles and multi-utility vehicles- crossed the 1 million-mark to touch 1.06 million, with exports of 1,66,000 vehicles. According to estimates, India will take over Germany in sales volumes by 2010 and Japan by 2012. The Indian auto component industry is also estimated to grow exponentially over the next few years as the country emerges as a auto hub, due to its engineering skills.FMCG & DURABLES9% revenue growthThe survey covered 73 units in the sectorwhich employs 18,53,596 people. In2007, it is expected to create…56,801 new jobs advertisementadvertisementThe biggest recruiters in this sector will be the new automobile manufacturing facilities of domestic and global companies. The sector has seen two big joint ventures, new manufacturing facilities by leading auto companies and green-field plants by auto component makers like Bharat Forge. The Mahindra & Mahindra, Nissan and Renault joint venture will invest Rs 4,000 crore in a facility, which will produce cars at a plant near Chennai. The plant will produce models for all the three partners, with capacity to produce 4,00,000 cars and utility vehicles. The M&M-Renault venture will add about 2,000 people and most of the employees will either have engineering talent or line expertise. Bulk of the new employees will be at the entry level, graduate trainees, who will either be groomed for management positions for the flagship or they will be engineers and science students for Tech Mahindra. Says Rajiv Dubey, group human resource head: “The group is in an expansion phase and will be recruiting a large number of people. People for the auto joint venture would have to have production experience and engineering skills.”AUTO & COMPONENTS12% revenue growthThe survey covered 74 units in the sector which employs 4,88,072 people. In 2007, it is expected to create…20,946 new jobsAnother such ambitious joint venture is between the Tatas and Italian car giant Fiat. The alliance, with aggregate investments of over Rs 4,000 crore, will create a facility at Ranjangaon, Maharashtra, with capacities to produce in excess of 1,00,000 cars and 2,00,000 engines and transmissions yearly. Both Fiat and Tata vehicles will be manufactured at the same facility. Says Anurag Jain, managing director of the Rs 1,500-crore auto-component company Endurance Group: “Auto and auto components industry will need high quality talent in all areas ranging from design and development, manufacturing, quality to sales and marketing.” The bulk of recruitment will be in the junior and middle levels. Primarily, people with good technical trade skills as well as bright engineers are going to be in demand in this sector.Companies have tie-ups in place to create their own talent pipeline. Bharat Forge, for instance, has partnered with BITS Pilani and University of Warwick, UK, to help its employees attain degrees in manufacturing management. Not only do professors come down for weekend courses but employees are also given one week in a month off to study. All this is creating the stickiness for employees.MANUFACTURING: India’s brick and mortar sector is shining too. Be it petro products, garments, packaged foods or colas, all companies engaged in their production are on a hiring spree. According to the survey, companies producing beverages, cigarettes and food products will recruit over 56,901 people in this calendar year, while those in the manufacture of wood products, furniture, jewellery, sports goods will add 69,912 people.RETAIL & TRADE30% revenue growthThe survey covered 98 units in the sectorwhich employs 6,39,384 people. In2007, it is expected to create…48,705 new jobsFor the first time in the last 10 years, industrial growth in India has exceeded 10 per cent. Also, for the first time ever, the manufacturing rate of growth has exceeded 12 per cent in six months (April-September 2006). Manufacturing accounts for about 80 per cent of India’s industrial production, while mining and electricity account for approximately 10 per cent each. Consumer durables and non-durables have also shown record upward trends. Consumer goods have recorded a high growth of 12.5 per cent with 12.6 per cent growth in durables and 12.5 per cent growth in non-durables. All these figures are now adding up to new jobs in each of these sectors.Besides consumption-led growth, job creation is expected to get a boost by the numerous special economic zones (SEZs) that are coming up. According to a study conducted by the Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ASSOCHAM) and PricewaterhouseCoopers (PWC), SEZs are the best tools to improve India’s social and industrial infrastructure. Close to 30 SEZs are already operational which provide direct employment to 0.15 million people and indirect employment to many more.Reliance Industries, the biggest player in the petrochemicals and petroleum business and a promoter of two big SEZs, plans to aggressively recruit for its new refinery coming up in Jamnagar by 2008. The new refinery, which is an SEZ, will add about 2,200 people in 2007. Says V.V. Bhatt, HR head: “Over the last few months, Reliance has added over 2,800 people and we will add about 5,000 people this year. We have a bias for engineers, so the new positions too will look at engineering talent or science graduates who we can train.” The group, which is also facing the heat of attrition, offers a massive project completion bonus to employees engaged in new projects, which is double their annual salaries. This apart, Reliance is also setting up an engineering college in Gujarat, which will be a deemed university and will supply manpower.REAL ESTATE & CONSTRUCTION: A sunrise sector, it has billions of dollars in investments. Research estimates say that Indian real estate market is expected to grow from the current $14 billion to $102 billion in the next 10 years. According to ICICI Bank, the main growth thrust is due to favourable demographics, increasing purchasing power, existence of customer-friendly banks and housing finance companies, professionalism in real estate and favourable reforms initiated by the Government to attract global investors. “For auto JV, people must have engineering skills.”Rajiv Dubey Group HR Head, M&M “Growth has intensified due to consumption.”Satish Pradhan Executive V-P, Group HR, Tata Sons Indian real estate has huge potential in almost every sector, be it commercial, residential, retail, industrial, hospitality or healthcare. Commercial office space requirement is led by the burgeoning outsourcing and IT industry. Estimated demand from IT/ITES sector alone is expected to be 150 million sq ft of space across major cities by 2010. In residential sector, there is a housing shortage of 19.4 million units out of which 6.7 million are in urban India. The increase in purchasing power and exposure to organised retail have redefined the consumption pattern and as a result the country has experienced mushrooming of retail projects. All this means more jobs. The industry would require individuals with finance, marketing and communications. The sector will see employment creation to the tune of 1,19,153, a huge number after IT and ITES sector. And for those interested in a career in real estate, the Promoters and Builders’ Association of Poona is setting up an academy that will train and assist individuals as well as existing developers, who wish to professionalise their operations.RETAIL: It is the next big thing in India, with the Birlas, the Ambanis and the Mittals getting into it. The good news is that it will also be people-intensive. Till recently, the sector was a chaotic mix of mom-pop shops and branded outlets. In 2000, global management consultancy AT Kearney estimated that it would grow to Rs 8,00,000 crore by 2005-an annual increase of 20 per cent. As of now, only Rs 20,000 crore of the market is organised which means there is huge potential. According to another study conducted by CRISIL Research and Information Services, the organised retail industry in India is expected to grow 25-30 per cent annually and will triple in size from Rs 35,000 crore in 2004-05 to Rs 1,09,000 crore by 2010. “We will double employee strength by 2008.”Sanjay Jog HR Head, Future GroupWith players like the Future Group doubling their stores from 150 to 350 in tier II and tier III cities by 2008, the need for manpower will only increase. “We will double employee strength from 17,000 to 34,000 by 2008,” says Sanjay Jog, HR head at the group. This is one industry that recruits maximum at the shop floor level. For its management needs, retail industry is recruiting from business schools like Welingkars, which are offering retail specific courses. All eyes are now set on the Reliance Group, which currently has 80 stores operational across Hyderabad, NCR, Jaipur, Ranchi, Chennai and now Bangalore. The company aims to recruit over five lakh employees by 2010.Aditya Birla Group and Bharti are finalising plans for their roll-out. This should drive recruitment higher by 2007-end. The need for talent is not only at the managerial level but also at the store level. With most retailers looking at managing exhaustive cold chains to feed their stores, people with agricultural degrees and plantation experience will be sought-after. For instance, the Future Group has tied up with universities and colleges that offer specialisation in agricultural business in Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Punjab. All this opens up huge potential in the logistics sector which will manage the supply chain for retail outlets.It is not just IT and brick and mortar companies which are on the hunt. Emerging sectors too are big employers. With new airports and airlines, the booming aviation industry will absorb thousands of trained professionals as the country’s fleet strength increases to 500-550 by 2010. Add the hospitality sector which is riding piggy back on aviation. With occupancy levels touching 75 per cent as foreign tourist arrivals record the 4.5 millionmark, the sector too is on an expansion spree. With new budget and luxury spas on the planning boards, recruitment will only spiral. Keeping in line with India’s demographics, sectors like entertainment and media are expected to boom to cater to the 500 million youngsters. India is already the third largest television market in the world and will only grow. By the end of 2007, 600 radio stations will be on air across 100-odd cities, requiring at least 20,000 professionals only for these stations.It is a good time to be young and in the job market. Boom Town rapClick here to EnlargeSurvey MethodologyThe SurveyTNS Mode conducted a survey of 1,294 units across all major industry segments, geographical areas, size class, and ownership types. It involved both visits and telephonic conversations with senior HR managers and in some cases CEOs of the firms.Data SourcesData from various sources have been used for this study. Historical data on the manufacturing sector have been culled from various rounds of the Annual Survey of Industries and publications of the Central Statistical Organisation. In some cases, industry association data have also been used. This has been supplemented and crosschecked with data from sources such as the Statistical Outline of India, data from various surveys of the National Sample Survey Organisation and Labour Statistics of India.The above sources have the advantage of almost universal coverage of the organised sector within their specific domains. However, they suffer from two significant gaps. First, most of these secondary sources are not up-to-date. To make data more up-to-date, figures on output growth from IIP as well as sectoral GDP were used to supplement that data. Second, areas such as health, education, and other such services are not covered by any data source with universal coverage. Therefore, some sectors have had to be left out from the analysis frame. Efforts are currently on to find solutions to these data gaps such that future METS have universal coverage of the organised sector in India. Once estimates of employment as of December 2006 are obtained, estimates drawn from a primary survey conducted on organised sector establishments during December 2006 and early January 2007 on their expectations related to employment increases are used.
DefinitionBreast reduction is surgery to reduce the size of the breasts.Alternative NamesReduction mammoplastyDescriptionBreast reduction surgery is usually done under general anesthesia(asleep and pain-free).For a breast reduction, the surgeon removes some of the breast tissue and skin. Your nipples may be moved higher to reposition them for cosmetic reasons.In the most common procedure:The surgeon makes three surgical cuts: around the areola (the dark area around your nipples), from the areola down to the crease under your breast, and across the lower crease of your breast.Extra fat, skin, and breast tissue are removed. The nipple and areola are moved to a higher position. Often the areola is made smaller.The surgeon closes the cuts with stitches to reshape the breast.Sometimes liposuction is combined with breast reduction to improve the shape of the breast and armpit areas.The procedure can last 2to 5 hours.Why the Procedure Is PerformedBreast reduction may be recommended if you have very large breasts (macromastia) and:Chronic pain that affects your quality of life. You may be having headaches, neck pain, and shoulder pain.Chronic nerve problems caused by poor posture, which result in numbness or tingling in your arms or hands.Cosmetic problems, such as persistent bra-strap groove, scar-like lines in the skin (striae), difficulty finding clothes that fit, and low self-confidence.Chronic rashes under your breastsUnwelcome attention that is making you feel awkwardInability to participate in sportsSome women may benefit from non-surgical treatments, such as:advertisementExercising to strengthen their back and shoulder musclesLosing excess weightWearing supportive brasRisksBreast reduction surgeryis generally safe. Ask your doctor about these complications.Risks of any surgery are:BleedingInfectionRisksof any anesthesia are:Breathing problems, such as pneumoniaHeart problemsReactions to medicinesRisksof this procedure are:Difficulty breastfeeding, or being unable to breastfeedLarge scars that take a long time to healLoss of feeling in the nipple areaUneven position of the nipples or differences in the size of the breastsBefore the ProcedureIf you smoke, you must stop. Women who smoke after breast surgery have a higher risk of poor healing, infection, and scarring. Youshould even avoid breathing in secondhand smoke.Tell your surgeon:If you are or could be pregnantWhat drugs you are taking, even drugs, supplements, or herbs you bought without a prescriptionBefore surgery:You may need a mammogrambefore the surgery. Your plastic surgeon will do a routine breast exam.Several days before surgery, you may be asked to stop taking aspirin, ibuprofen, warfarin (Coumadin), and any other drugs that make it hard for your blood to clot.Ask yoursurgeon which drugs you should still take on the day of the surgery.You may need to fill prescriptions for pain medicine before surgery.Arrange for someone to drive you home after surgery and help you around your house for several days.On the day of surgery:Follow the surgeons instructions about not eating or drinking anything before the surgery.Take the drugs yoursurgeon told you to take with a small sip of water.Wear or bring loose clothing that buttons or zips in front.Arrive at the hospital on time.After the ProcedureYou may have to stay overnight in the hospital.After surgery, a gauze dressing (bandage) will be wrapped around your breasts and chest. Or you will wear a surgical bra. Wear the surgical bra or a soft supportive bra for as long as your surgeon tells you to. This will likely be for several weeks.Drainage tubes may be attached to your breasts. These tubes will be removed withina fewdays.Your pain should decrease in a few weeks. Take pain medicine to control it. Be sure to take the medicine with food and plenty of water. Do not apply ice or heat to your breasts unless your doctor has told you that is okay.Within a few weeks, the swelling and bruising around your incisions should disappear. You may have a temporary loss of sensation in your breast skin and nipples after surgery. Sensationmay return over time. Your stitches, if any,will be removed within 2 weeks after surgery.Outlook (Prognosis)You are likely to have a very good outcome from breast reduction surgery. You may feel better about your appearance and be more comfortable with various activities.Pain or skin symptoms, such as striation,may disappear. You may need to wear a special supportive bra for a few months to reshape your breasts.Scars are permanent. They will be more visible for the first year, but will then fade. Thesurgeon will make every effort to place the cuts so that scars are hidden. Cuts are usually made on the underside of the breast. Most of the time, the scars should not be noticeable, even in low-cut clothing.advertisementReferencesMcGrath MH, Pomerantz J. Plastic surgery. In: Townsend CM, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 19th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 69.Roehl KR, Wilhelmi BJ, Phillips LG. Breast reconstruction. In: Townsend CM, Beauchamp RD,Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 19th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 37.Review Date:1/24/2013Reviewed By:Debra G. Wechter, MD, FACS, General Surgery practice specializing in breast cancer, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.