Shouldn’t Darwin Day be named Darwin-Wallace Day? After all, Alfred Russell Wallace is by most accounts the co-discoverer of natural selection. Papers by Wallace and Darwin were read together at the Linnean Society meeting of 1858, over a year before Origin of Species was published. Some groups are seeking to give Wallace his due in the limelight – or, in the language of presidential politics, at least let him be Darwin’s running mate. In a letter to Nature,1 George W. Beccaloni and Vincent S. Smith complained that celebrations for Darwin Day are downplaying Wallace’s role. This was not to disparage the great Darwin, for they agreed with Kevin Padian (02/11/2008) that next year’s 200th birthday should be “celebrated enthusiastically.” But 2009 is also the 150th anniversary of the discovery of natural selection. There has been a long-standing attempt to marginalize the great Wallace, they argued. It almost seems intentional:This lack of interest in the 2008 anniversary is indicative of how Wallace’s achievements have been overshadowed by Darwin’s since Wallace’s death in 1913, a process certainly not helped by the Darwin ‘industry’ of recent decades. During his lifetime, Wallace received plenty of recognition from his contemporaries for his part in the discovery, as indicated by the many honours bestowed on him. These include the Darwin-Wallace and Linnean Gold Medals (Linnean Society); the Copley, Darwin and Royal Medals (Royal Society); and the Order of Merit. Isn’t it perhaps time for the current darwinocentric view of the history of biology to be revised?A website has been erected called The Alfred Russell Wallace Memorial Fund. The sponsors seek to correct the darwinocentric view of the history of biology and give Wallace more recognition.1. George W. Beccaloni and Vincent S. Smith, Correspondence, “Celebrations for Darwin downplay Wallace’s role,” Nature 451, 1050 (28 February 2008) | doi:10.1038/4511050d.Yes, it is time for the darwinocentric view of the history of biology to be revised. But adding one more misguided racist apostate storyteller is a process certainly not helped by the Darwin-Wallace industry of recent decades. Reasons why Wallace doesn’t get the press Darwin gets: (1) he was from a lower social class, (2) he delved into spiritualism and held some other weird beliefs, and (3) he did not believe that natural selection could explain man’s soul, rationality and morals. For this Darwin could only barely tolerate him. Since Wallace did not go all the way to complete naturalism, he could not share the glory of the Grand Tale that allowed Dawkins to become an intellectually fool-filled atheist. Darwin was devastated when Wallace had sent him that 1858 letter outlining the same theory of natural selection that he had been working on for years. Didn’t Darwin do the right thing, though, to share the stage at the Linnean Society with Wallace by having both their papers read together? Janet Browne in her excellent biography Charles Darwin: The Power of Place (Princeton, 2002) told how it was a scheme to protect Darwin from criticism while guaranteeing him the limelight. Darwin’s X-Men friends gave Wallace just enough press to keep him from complaining about priority, but afterwards did little to share the honor with him, and worked to ensconce Charlie as the “real” hero of the Law of Natural Selection. It was “audacious skulduggery” – as Browne termed the plan Charlie & Charlie (Darwin and Lyell) cooked up. “No pair of practised fixers could, if they wished, have cooked up a better scheme for promoting Darwin’s interests” (p. 35). Read all about it in chapter 1. The Wallace Fund site contains a quote from old man Wallace in 1913: “Truth is born into this world only with pangs and tribulations, and every fresh truth is received unwillingly. To expect the world to receive a new truth, or even an old truth, without challenging it, is to look for one of those miracles which do not occur.” Great. Let’s challenge Wallace and Darwin both. Question number one: How does Truth evolve?(Visited 29 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The National Milk Producers Federation joined a group of more than 1,000 agriculture, business and food companies today in urging the Senate to pass legislation that would create a uniform, federal system for labeling foods produced using biotechnology. NMPF and its 31 member cooperatives were among the 1,065 signers of the letter, as were dozens of dairy food companies and state dairy farm associations.The letter, addressed to Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) and Minority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV), was sent by the Coalition for Safe and Affordable Food, of which NMPF is a member. It said the issue of biotech food labeling was “one of the most significant issues that the agriculture and food industry has faced in recent years,” and urged the leaders to take up the bill immediately.The Senate measure, negotiated by Sens. Pat Roberts (R-KS) and Debbie Stabenow (D-MI) of the Senate Agriculture Committee, would preempt state laws such as the Vermont measure, and establish clear and consistent guidelines for how companies should disclose the presence of ingredients and foods made with biotechnology.“The Senate approach provides information to consumers without inappropriately stigmatizing agricultural biotechnology in the process,” said Jim Mulhern, President and CEO of NMPF. “We need the Senate and the House of Representatives to establish a clear federal policy for the labeling of foods made with biotechnology, and we need them to act quickly on the matter.”A federal policy would help food producers avoid the higher economic costs of having several, different state labeling laws that would directly affect consumers, farmers and the entire food value chain, the letter said. “A Vermont-style on-pack only labeling mandate would mislead consumers and drive up their grocery bills.”Food ingredients made using biotechnology have been proven safe by more than 2,000 studies from leading scientific bodies worldwide. The U.S. Department of Agriculture, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency have all reaffirmed their long-standing recognition of the safety of the technology.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest A report on intellectual property issued last week by the U.S. Trade Representative’s Office (USTR) outlined the Trump Administration’s continuing commitment to curtailing the damaging abuses of geographical indications (GIs) — particularly by the European Union (EU).The report highlighted ongoing threats to U.S. companies that legally use common food names both within the United States and in global trade. USTR’s annual Special 301 Report outlined extensive efforts that the administration is making in numerous countries to stem the EU’s efforts to use GIs to erect barriers to U.S. exports.The U.S. dairy industry joined the Consortium for Common Food Names (CCFN) in hailing the report for sending a strong, positive signal on how the new administration plans to tackle these types of trade and intellectual property issues to preserve jobs and safeguard global opportunities for U.S. companies.“Many countries protect legitimate GIs, including the United States,” said Jaime Castaneda, executive director for CCFN, an international alliance dedicated to preserving rights to use common food names. “When properly targeted to protect unique regional products, GIs can be a useful intellectual property tool for some producers. But the EU’s approach is far from properly targeted. Rather, it is a system designed to steal commonly used names from those who built markets for those products and monopolize use of those terms in foreign and domestic markets.”Abuse of GIs could impact a variety of sectors, from dairy, wine and meat to horticulture and rice. The U.S. dairy organizations, CCFN, and wine and grocery industry groups all filed comments to USTR earlier this year expressing concern with the growing threat to U.S. manufacturers of foods with common names. Among the specific requests to the USTR: hold trading partners accountable for their commitments, preserve market access negotiated through earlier trade agreements and prevent competitors from monopolizing widely used generic terms like feta and prosciutto.“We appreciate the many positive actions of USTR on this important issue. As trade policy strategy is developed this year, we urge the administration to build further upon the U.S. government’s past successes in pushing back against the EU’s global GI agenda,” said Tom Vilsack, president and CEO of the U.S. Dairy Export Council. “This work should continue to include both bilateral engagement with our trading partners and incorporation into any trade agreement discussions.”
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Mother Nature becomes a little bi-polar in our latest forecast. We have cold air that wants to stay in control through the end of this week, but it has to endure some moderating pushes coming from the south and west. Then, next week, we look to get warm enough that approaching systems have more rain potential than snow. Overall, we are lowering our expectations of a white Christmas down to about a 20% chance – but we still can be bailed for a white Christmas by a Christmas day storm. Here is how we see it at this time.A warm front tries to lift into west central and southwest Ohio today, but cannot get much farther north and east than that. The low pressure center that spawned this warm front will work into west and NW Ohio later this afternoon, and crosses the rest of the state overnight. We should see some snows associated with that low passage. These snows do not look as impressive as they did 24 and 48 hours ago and they do not extend as far south. But right now we do not think we are going to waver from our thoughts of 1”-4” of snow. There is potential for much higher totals over and north of Lake Erie…but they do not look to drift south at this time. Those snow totals are clearly north of I-70, and honestly, a good bit of those snow totals will be seen north of US 30. Areas between US 30 and I-70 may end up closer to a coating to an inch. We will see. Coverage north of 70 will be around 80% for at least some snow, and only 10% coverage of even snow flurries south of I-70 tonight into early tomorrow. By noon tomorrow, all action will be off to the east.High pressure behind the system keeps us dry and sunny through the balance of Thursday into early Friday. Northwest winds pick up Friday midday and that may bring some lake effect snows back to northern Ohio later Friday afternoon and Friday evening. WE can see a coating to 2 inches in northern Ohio, particularly NE Ohio, but nothing farther south.We should see a bit of a break for Saturday, and temperatures will start to moderate. Then, Sunday looks to turn wet. Strong south flow ahead of our next weather system takes temperatures up to the point where rain breaks out late Sunday morning over southern Southwest Ohio and moves north-northeast from there. Rain totals can be from .25”-.5”, and just south of the river we can see some .75” rains that we have to watch to make sure they don’t try and surge up into southern Ohio. Farther north, temps don’t climb quite as much. We see a large chunk of the area from US 30 northward topping out only near 35 degrees Sunday. That is warm enough for rain, but also cold enough for sloppy wet snow. So, liquid equivalent precipitation can be up to .5”, but we can see a mix of rain and wet snow in the north. 90% of the state sees some kind of action on Sunday.Next Monday we go drier behind that system, and we stay dry through Thursday morning over most of the state. The exception will be northeast Ohio, especially Tuesday. This will be another push of lake enhanced action. IT may not be all snow, but there will be some minor action around Tuesday afternoon and evening in NE OH, with liquid equivalent precipitation of .25” or less. Temperatures moderate through the period, and will be normal to even slightly above normal by midweek next week. Our final front of the 10 day period arrives late next Thursday overnight into Friday the 22nd. This front again brings mostly rain, as the cold air waits to arrive until after the moisture is gone. We look for .25”-.75” of rain over 70% of the state. That system will be the one that puts the nail in the coffin for a white Christmas, unless cold air can come faster.Dryer the 23rd into the 24th. Extended models are suggesting a potential late Christmas Eve system that goes through Christmas day. This system has good moisture potential…and if cold enough, may bail out those wanting a white Christmas. But, for now, it is far enough out that we are just going to watch it and see the track it wants to carve out.
Related Posts chris cameron A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… It’s coming up on three weeks since Apple announced its highly anticipated iPad device, and the news frenzy surrounding the announcement has begun to die down. As is the trend with many new devices, the response to the iPad has covered both extremes, from fans who claim the device will change the world, to haters wondering why anyone would spend a dime on it. One thing that is certain is that iPhone application developers are excited by the possibilities provided by the new tablet device, and now a new fund raising collaboration, AppFund, is looking to capitalize on this excitement.AppFund is a joint venture of Daniel Klaus, the co-founder of Music Nation, and Kevin Wendle, co-founder of CNET, E! Online and one of the six founders of the Fox Broadcasting Company. Depending on the complexity of each deal, the pair of execs plans to provide anywhere from $5,000 to $500,000 towards the development and marketing of iPad and tablet device applications – a market they believe will “revolutionize entertainment, games, content, and communications.” “This year alone Apple is reporting that iPhone applications will grow to over 200,000,” the duo said in a press release. “In that there is an expectation that developers will port their ideas to the iPad, we look forward to providing funding and thought capital to the entrepreneurs willing and able to harness this new and exciting marketplace.”While this is an interesting collaboration of these two media and Internet executives, AppFund is not the first of it’s kind. Just two short days after Steve Jobs’ iPad announcement, we told you about the Northern Film & Media which would be looking to provide up to $64,000 to U.K application developers for iPad apps. The New York-based AppFund says they are willing to consider ideas both domestically and from abroad and is encouraging those with app ideas to submit them soon; they plan to help release several apps for this summer.Ever since Apple set the standard in the smart-phone market, the company has high expectations placed on them for their devices – expectations some say Apple has failed to surpass with the announced iPad. Still, the success or failure of the iPad is still yet to be determined. Will we see the long lines forming outside of Apple stores before the device’s release? Or will the price be too high to penetrate the market the same way the iPhone has? AppFund is banking on the former. 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Tags:#start#startups